Geography and Location An Overview of Phuket’s Geographical Features and its Surroundings in the Andaman Sea

Nestled in the Andaman Sea, Phuket is an enchanting island province located in the southwestern part of Thailand. Renowned for its stunning natural beauty, white sandy beaches, and crystal-clear waters, Phuket is one of Southeast Asia’s most sought-after tourist destinations. In this article, we will delve into the geographical features of Phuket and its strategic location within the Andaman Sea, as well as explore the neighboring islands that add to its allure.

  1. Geographical Features of Phuket

Island Formation: Phuket is the largest island in Thailand, covering an area of approximately 576 square kilometers. It is part of the Andaman Sea’s larger island group and is connected to the Thai mainland by the Sarasin Bridge.

Mountains and Hills: The island’s interior is dominated by a range of mountains and hills, the most notable being the Nakkerd Hills, where the iconic Big Buddha statue stands tall, offering breathtaking panoramic views of Phuket.

Beaches: Phuket boasts a coastline of around 70 kilometers, adorned with numerous picturesque beaches. From the vibrant and bustling Patong Beach to the more secluded and serene Kata and Karon beaches, each offers its own unique charm.

Vegetation: The island’s lush greenery is primarily composed of tropical rainforests and rubber plantations, creating a scenic backdrop to the golden beaches and azure waters.

Climate: Phuket experiences a tropical monsoon climate with two distinct seasons. The dry season from November to April brings warm temperatures and clear skies, while the wet season from May to October sees occasional heavy rainfall, refreshing the island’s landscapes.

  1. Location in the Andaman Sea

Andaman Sea: Phuket is situated in the northeastern part of the Andaman Sea, a body of water renowned for its striking blue hues and rich marine life. The Andaman Sea is bordered by Thailand’s west coast, Myanmar (Burma) to the northwest, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India to the east.

Strategic Location: Phuket’s location within the Andaman Sea has played a crucial role in its history and development. Its strategic position made it a significant trading post along ancient maritime routes, facilitating the exchange of goods and cultures between East and West.

  1. Neighboring Islands

Phi Phi Islands: Located approximately 46 kilometers southeast of Phuket, the Phi Phi Islands are a stunning archipelago comprising six islands, with Phi Phi Don and Phi Phi Leh being the most well-known. The Phi Phi Islands are famous for their limestone cliffs, azure lagoons, and vibrant coral reefs, attracting hordes of tourists and divers.

Similan Islands: Situated about 84 kilometers northwest of Phuket, the Similan Islands are a group of nine islands renowned for their pristine and untouched marine life. The area is a protected marine national park, offering some of the best diving and snorkeling experiences in Thailand.

Coral Island (Koh Hae): This island lies just off the southeastern coast of Phuket and is known for its beautiful coral reefs, making it a popular destination for snorkeling and water sports.


Phuket’s geographical features, including its lush mountains, stunning beaches, and diverse marine life, make it a tropical paradise that attracts travelers from all around the world. Its strategic location in the Andaman Sea has not only shaped its history but also contributes to its flourishing tourism industry. Moreover, the proximity to neighboring islands like Phi Phi and Similan adds to the allure of Phuket as a premier travel destination in Southeast Asia, offering visitors a truly unforgettable experience of nature’s wonders.

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